Nicaragua – Venezuela Agricultural Cooperation Agreement

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¶1. (SBU) Summary. As part of a series of Bolivarian
Alternative agreements between Nicaraguan and Venezuela
signed on January 11, 2007, Nicaraguan and Venezuelan
Ministers of Foreign Relations also signed an Agricultural
Cooperation Agreement. The agreement is general in nature,
outlining the desire of both countries to conduct cooperative
projects and programs, including scientific and practical
studies and exchanges, in the areas of agricultural and rural
development. A joint working group will oversee joint
activities. End Summary.

¶2. (SBU) An Agricultural Cooperation Agreement was one of a
series of thirteen commitments with Venezuela negotiated by
the Ortega government before it came to power on January 10,
2007. Nicaraguan Minister of Foreign Relations Samuel Santos
and Venezuelan Minister of Foreign Relations Nicolas Maduro
Moros signed the agreement on January 11, 2007. The
substance of the agreement, along with the other commitments
made that day, was kept from the public for weeks. This
cable reports on the substance of that agreement.

Preambular Language
——————-

¶3. (SBU) Preambular language in the agreement speaks to
furthering friendship between Nicaraguan and Venezuelan
peoples and “excellent ties” in the area of agriculture. The
countries agree to establish a permanent dialogue and share
experiences in the area of agriculture. Believing that it is
in their interest to promote sustainable endogenous
agriculture and overcome social inequity, the countries
reaffirm their interest in constituting a cooperative
agricultural alliance, which includes collaboration on
research, extension services, agricultural projects, training
programs, exchange of cooperative staff, agricultural
producers, technicians, and experts. Both countries note a
special interest in improving agricultural productivity.

Article 1: Cooperation
———————-

¶4. (SBU) Nicaragua and Venezuela pledge in this agreement to
promote and intensify cooperation in agriculture through the
formulation and implementation of projects and programs in
the areas of agriculture and rural development, taking into
account established social and economic development
priorities in their respective strategic plans, policies, and
legislation.

Article 2: Activities
———————

¶5. (SBU) Cooperation may include the following envisioned
activities:

— education and training of agricultural producers,
cooperatives, technicians, and scientists;
— promotion of exchanges between agricultural producers,
cooperatives, technicians, scientists, and experts who
provide consulting services and studies, and prepare and
execute specific projects and programs in matters relating to
the agricultural sector and rural development;
— seminars, meetings, courses, and conferences in both
countries to train technicians, agricultural cooperatives,
among others on the part of both countries;
— exchange of scientific and technological information;
— joint and coordinated undertaking of research projects and
programs and or development technologies, in particular those
academies, institutes, and other research centers that are
linked to the agricultural sector;
— elaboration of integrated rural development projects for
the creation and strengthening the pillars of agricultural
development;
— other activities upon which the parties may agree.

Article 3: Executing Authorities
——————————–

¶6. (SBU) Executing authorities are the Nicaraguan Ministry of
Agriculture and Forestry and the Venezuelan Ministry of
Agriculture and Land.

Articles 4-5: Working Groups
—————————-

¶7. (SBU) With the objective of creating an adequate mechanism

for oversight and follow-up, a Working Group will be composed
of representatives from both ministries that will have the
following functions:

— to establish priorities and evaluate possible specific
cooperative projects for agricultural cooperation under this
agreement;
— to study and recommend programs and projects within the
framework of this agreement;
— to analyze and coordinate the completion of programs of
cooperation and technical assistance.
— to monitor and fulfill the terms of this agreement.

The working group will meet alternatively in Venezuela and
Nicaragua on agreed upon dates. Either party may submit
specific projects to the other for consideration.

Article 6: Programs
——————-

¶8. (SBU) Parties will jointly elaborate programs of
cooperation that will include a description of objectives,
implementation periods, work plans, estimated costs,
financial resources, technical people, and other condition
that may be established.

Article 7: Use of Knowledge
—————————

¶9. (SBU) Parties will take necessary measures to ensure that
knowledge acquired will contribute to the economic and social
development of their country.

Article 8: Costs
—————-

¶10. (SBU) Financial arrangements for cooperative activities
under this agreement will be established by mutual consent on
a case by case basis. Expenses for working group meetings
will be covered by the host of the meeting. Each party will
pay for the costs of sending its own officials.

Article 9: Confidentiality
————————–

¶11. (SBU) Each party promises to maintain the confidentiality
and secrecy of documents, information, and other data
received or provided by the other party during the
implementation of this agreement or conforming agreements.
This article will continue to be effective though the
agreement may terminate.

Articles 10-12: Disputes, Amendments, and Duration
——————————————— ——

¶12. (SBU) Disputes will be resolved amicably through
diplomatic negotiation. The agreement may be amended by the
common will of the parties. The agreement enters into force
for a period of five years after the last notification by the
parties of the fulfillment of internal constitutional and
legal requirements. The agreement is automatically renewable
for equal five-year periods, unless one of the parties
notifies the other of its intention to not renew it at least
six months before the end of a five year period.
Notwithstanding, either party may withdraw from the agreement
after having notified the other by written diplomatic note of
its intention. Withdrawal will not affect ongoing programs
and projects, unless the parties say otherwise.
TRIVELLI